Tennis Elbow is commonly referred to as a repetitive motion injury. If one's technique is a bit off, over time the injury can develop and worsen. Below I have highlighted a few common technical mistakes many recreational players make that potentially lead to tennis elbow.
In the picture in the top right hand corner the player is demonstrating an overuse of her wrist in the follow through of the serve. Doing so can severely stretch the medial epicondyle tendon of the forearm. It is important during the serve that the "snap" is generated from the elbow and an overuse of wrist movement is not used.
As seen in the middle picture, an overuse of wrist can be found quite often during the forehand follow through as well. Its important here that the predominant source of force comes from the core and shoulder. Former racquetball, squash, and badminton players tend to be the biggest culprits of this mistake as those sports require much more use of the wrist.
Potential Tennis Elbow Causes
In the bottom picture our player has demonstrated an incorrect grip on the backhand volley which we believe will over time lead to elbow pain. The thumb is placed in an upwards position which requires the four other fingers to hold onto the racquet more strenuously during impact with the ball. The thumb needs to act as a t-bar behind the grip, placed on top of the middle finger to keep the racquet stable while volleying.
It is very important to use a racquet of an appropriate weight. If you feel your arm fatiguing during the course of a three set match, chances are you have selected a racquet that is too heavy. Many players recently have opted for polyester strings because of the added spin and pop they see on their shots; however, this type of string has also been seen to make players more prone to arm pain in the long run. If experiencing tennis elbow, our advice is to steer clear of polyester strings such as Luxilon, or at the very least only use it as a hybrid in the mains and use a soft forgiving string in the crosses.